Overview of Different Medical Procedures

Procedures List

Organ Transplant

  • Bone Marrow Transplantation

A bone marrow transplant is a procedure that replaces the patient’s bone marrow with bone marrow from a donor. This procedure is usually used as a treatment in individuals who have autoimmune diseases or certain forms of cancer, such as leukemia, where diseases in the bone marrow are eliminated and replaced with healthy bone marrow from a donor.

  • Cornea Transplant

A cornea transplant is a procedure that replaces someone’s cornea with the cornea of a donor. It is frequently used in individuals who have problems with their vision, specifically those related to the cornea. This is a common, straightforward procedure that can be performed by trained ocular surgeons all over the world.

  • Hair Transplant

A hair transplant is a procedure performed on individuals who struggle with balding. This procedure can be performed in a variety of ways, but it typically involves taking hair from other locations on the head and spreading it out to cover bald spots. This procedure is performed all over the world and can be affordable even for people who struggle with severe balding issues.

  • Heart Transplant

A heart transplant is a procedure used to help people who suffer from heart failure. The procedure can be performed in a variety of ways. In some cases, the heart may be taken from someone else, but in other cases, someone’s heart may be replaced with an artificial heart.

  • Intestinal Transplant

An intestinal transplant is a treatment for individuals who suffer from a wide variety of GI issues. For example, some people who suffer from severe forms of inflammatory bowel may benefit from an intestinal transplant, which can significantly improve someone’s nutritional status.

  • Kidney Transplant

A kidney transplant is one of the most common types of transplant. Even though people can live with one kidney, people with dual kidney failure might require a transplanted kidney. A transplanted kidney can be taken from a cadaver donor or from someone who is still alive.

  • Liver Transplant

A liver transplant is a treatment option for individuals with severe liver failure, including cirrhosis. In a liver transplant, the liver is either taken from a cadaver donor or from someone who is still alive. An entire lever does not have to be transplanted, as only a single lobe could be enough to keep someone alive.

  • Lung Transplant

Lung transplants can either be a single lung transplant or a dual lung transplant. It is possible to live with one lung, but there are some situations where someone may have two lungs transplanted instead. A lung transplant is recommended in individuals who suffer from severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congenital issues, or even certain forms of lung cancer.

  • Pancreas Transplant

A pancreas transplant is recommended in individuals who have severe diseases afflicting the pancreas, which is responsible for regulating the body’s hormones as well as aiding in the digestive process. A pancreas transplant is often taken from a cadaver donor.


  • Alcohol Addiction Treatment Program

An alcohol addiction program is a treatment program that specializes in helping people who suffer from alcoholism. The treatment program is often an inpatient treatment program, which is designed to help people get through the detox phases of alcohol addiction recovery without suffering a relapse.

  • Allergy and Immunology Specialty Care

Allergy and immunology specialty care is designed to help people who suffer from issues involving the immune system. Some people may suffer from severe immunodeficiency which makes them vulnerable to infections. Other people may suffer from autoimmune diseases and allergies that might require the attention of a specialized professional.

  • Cardiothoracic Surgery

Cardiothoracic surgery involves all procedures that take place on the heart. Some people may require a heart valve replacement or reconstruction. Other people might require treatment of electrical issues involving the heart. Cardiothoracic surgery can also be recommended for individuals who suffer from heart failure.

  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, CRPS

Complex regional pain syndrome is a severe disorder that leads to chronic pain. It is described as a nerve or autoimmune issue that can make it difficult for people to complete their day-to-day activities. A trained specialist can develop a comprehensive plan to help people recover from this severe disorder.

  • Coronary Angioplasty

A coronary angioplasty is a cardiac procedure designed to help people correct issues involving the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart. If the heart is having a difficult time beating, it could be due to a coronary artery issue, which can be corrected using coronary angioplasty.

  • Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease involving the lungs. This condition makes it difficult for the lungs to remove mucus, leading to chronic lung infections. Individuals with cystic fibrosis often have severe lung infections, including pneumonia, and some patients with this disorder could require a lung transplant.

  • Coronary Artery Stent

A coronary artery stent is designed to help people who suffer from severe cardiovascular disease. If one of the coronary arteries is clogged, a stent can be placed in the artery to push it open, restoring blood flow through that artery to the heart. Sometimes, this procedure is performed on more than one coronary artery at a time.

  • Glaucoma Surgery

Glaucoma is a medical condition that develops when the pressure behind the eyes is too high. When the pressure builds up behind the eyes, it can cause the nerves and blood vessels to die, leading to severe vision complications. Both open-angle and closed-angle glaucoma can be serious. Some people might even require emergency surgery to alleviate pressure behind the eyes.

  • Cardiac Bypass

A cardiac bypass procedure bypasses a coronary artery that has been clogged. By fashioning a new vessel that goes around a blocked coronary artery, the blood flow to the heart can be improved. This procedure is sometimes done to treat or prevent a heart attack.

Stem Cells

  • Stem Cell Treatment

A stem cell treatment is a regenerative medicine treatment designed to help people replace scar tissue with native tissue. It can be recommended in individuals who suffer from chronic inflammation and is often used to help people recover from physical injuries, including muscle strains and ligament sprains.


  • In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization is a specific procedure recommended for women who have had a difficult time getting pregnant. During this procedure, a fertilized embryo will be implanted in the uterus to trigger pregnancy. Sometimes, multiple embryos are implanted at the same time to increase the chances of success.

  • Cesarean Section

A cesarean section, usually shortened to C-section, is the procedure that delivers a baby directly from the uterus. If a baby is having a difficult time passing through the birth canal, then an OBGYN may recommend a C-section to deliver the baby for the safety of not only the unborn child but the mother as well.

  • Ovarian Cystectomy

An ovarian cystectomy is a procedure designed to remove cysts from the ovaries. Ovarian cysts can lead to significant abdominal pain and could get larger with time. Sometimes, these cysts are removed laparoscopically, leading to smaller surgical incisions.

  • Hysterectomy

A hysterectomy is a procedure that removes a woman’s uterus from her body. This is sometimes recommended for women who have been diagnosed with certain types of cancer. It may also be required following a C-section if a woman cannot stop bleeding.


  • Hand Surgeries

Hand surgeries are designed to help people who struggle with issues involving their wrists, palms, and fingers. Some of these procedures may involve reattaching tendons that may have been damaged. Other procedures may involve repairing ligaments that might have been sprained or torn.

  • Knee Reconstruction

Knee reconstruction is a procedure designed to help people who suffer from severe knee injuries. For example, some people may have suffered a tear of the ACL, MCL, PCL, or LCL. A trained orthopedic surgeon can take tissue from another part of the body and use it to fashion new ligaments of the knee.

  • Shoulder Impingement

Shoulder impingement can make it difficult for someone to move the arm freely. For example, someone may have a difficult time raising their arm over their head. Sometimes, shoulder impingement requires surgery to free a nerve that may be trapped underneath the shoulder blade.

  • Hip Replacement

A hip replacement is recommended in individuals who have a difficult time walking or those who have suffered a severe hip injury. This procedure replaces the head of a femur with an artificial ball that can help restore someone’s range of motion.

  • Knee Replacement

A knee replacement is recommended for individuals who have suffered severe damage to the knee. Sometimes, this has to do with ligament damage. In other cases, it may have to do with arthritis. By replacing the damaged knee with an artificial one, mobility can be dramatically improved.


  • Craniotomy

A craniotomy is any procedure that involves cutting a hole in the skull. Some people may require a craniotomy to stop a brain bleed. Other people may require a craniotomy to remove a tumor, cyst, or abscess that may be impacting the ability of the brain to function properly.

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, ALS

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which is also called Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a chronic neurological disorder that impacts the body’s nerves. It can lead to a wide variety of symptoms that make it difficult for people to move, speak, and swallow.

  • Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a severe, common form of dementia that leads to memory loss, emotional lability, and a wide variety of other neurologic issues. Even though it usually impacts older people, there are early-onset forms of this disease as well. Therapy and prescription medications are often recommended to slow the progression of this disease.

  • Disc Fusion

A spinal disc Fusion is a procedure recommended for individuals who have suffered a herniated disc. If one of the discs between the vertebrae is herniated, then the vertebrae rub against each other, leading to severe back pain. A disc fusion can prevent the vertebrae from rubbing on top of one another, helping people recover from chronic back pain.


  • Composite Fillings

Composite fillings are used to treat cavities. Some people may only have one cavity that needs to be filled. Other people may have multiple cavities that need to be filled. Composite fillings are made from a variety of materials that are designed to stand up to routine wear and tear.

  • Corrective Jaw Surgery

Jaw surgery is often recommended for individuals who are having a difficult time eating, breathing, or chewing. Some people may suffer from an underbite, while other people may suffer from an overbite. Jaw reconstruction is designed to make the mandible and maxilla line up better, helping people recover from these symptoms.

  • Dental Crowns

Dental crowns are dental tools that are designed to help teeth that are severely worn down, infected, or decayed. A dental crown can protect the rest of the tooth from further damage while also restoring someone’s smile, making the teeth look whole again.

  • Dental Bridges

A dental bridge is a procedure designed to keep the teeth in place while filling a gap in the smile. For example, someone who is missing one or more teeth may have a dental bridge with a cap on it designed to fill that gap and prevent the rest of them from moving.

  • Dental Implants

Dental implants are designed to act as a permanent replacement for one or more missing teeth. Dental implants can last for decades, and some of them could last for the rest of someone’s life. A trained oral surgeon will place a screw in the patient’s jaw before screwing a cap on top of the screw that matches the surrounding teeth. If you’re planning to get a Dental Implant, read related blog Mexico Dental Implants – Things to Know.



  • Gastric Banding

During a gastric band procedure, a band is placed across the stomach to make it smaller than it usually is. The goal is to cause people to feel full sooner, helping them eat less.

  • Roux en Y Gastric Bypass Surgery

A roux en y gastric bypass procedure is one of the most common surgeries performed for weight loss. Typically, this is done as a laparoscopic procedure. The goal is to reduce the stomach to the size of about an egg, helping people eat less.


  • Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is cancer impacting the bladder. The cells of the bladder start to divide uncontrollably, leading to blood in the urine, weight loss, and lower abdominal pain. Bladder cancer can be treated with a combination of radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy. Sometimes, bladder cancer can be treated using a laser.

  • Brain Cancer

Brain cancer can impact people of any age. It develops when a tumor develops in the brain, causing the brain to have issues functioning. Common symptoms include vision loss, chronic headaches, and difficulty sleeping. Some brain tumors can be removed surgically, while others might require chemotherapy and radiation.

  • Breast Cancer

Breast cancer develops when breast tissue starts to divide uncontrollably. Many women notice a lump in the breast tissue. There are some situations where the lump might be removed on its own and there are other situations where the entire breast might need to be removed. Breast cancer can also be treated using radiation and chemotherapy.

  • Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer has become less common with the development of pap smears and the HPV vaccine; however, there are still some women who are diagnosed with cervical cancer. Some types of cervical cancer can be treated using surgery, but other types might require radiation and chemotherapy.

  • Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is often detected on a colonoscopy. If it is detected early enough, colon cancer could be removed with surgery on its own; however, there are other situations where entire tracts of the intestines might need to be removed, followed by surgery and radiation.

  • Salivary Gland Cancer

Salivary gland cancer is cancer of the salivary glands in the head and neck. If the cancer is isolated to one or two glands, then these glands alone might be removed; however, if the cancer is more widespread, surgery and chemotherapy might be required.

  • Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer can be treated in a variety of ways. If it is limited solely to the kidney, then it might be treated surgically. On the other hand, if cancer has spread to other parts of the body, then it might be treated using radiation and chemotherapy.

  • Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is graded and staged in a variety of ways, usually through a biopsy. If the cancer is limited to one lobe, then that single load might be removed. If cancer has spread to multiple parts of the liver, then radiation and chemotherapy might be required.

  • Lung Cancer

Lung cancer can be caused by a variety of issues, with smoking being at the top of the list. Some forms of lung cancer can be treated using surgery alone. Other forms of lung cancer could require chemotherapy and radiation.

  • Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is an uncontrolled cellular division involving the ovary. It can present with weight loss, bleeding, and abdominal pain. Certain forms of ovarian cancer are treated with surgery, but radiation and chemotherapy are often required, particularly if cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Medical Tourism Contributing Staff

Hello! I am Marie Gabrielle. I graduated with a Bachelors, in Medical Laboratory with Science Degrees and subsequently, Medical School. At Medical Tourist, we aim to bridge the gap between patient and finding the care they deserve and have access to worldwide.

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